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  Antonín Dvořák
Country : Czech Republic
Date of Born: : September 8, 1841
City: : Nelahozeves near Prague
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Antonín Dvořák  (September 8, 1841 - May 1, 1904) was a Czech composer of Romantic music. Antonín Dvořák was born in Nelahozeves near Prague (today the Czech Republic) where he spent most of his life. He studied music in Prague's only Organ School at the end of the 1850s, and slowly developed himself as an accomplished violinist and violist. Throughout the 1860s he played viola in the Bohemian Provisional Theater Orchestra, which was from 1866 conducted by BedÅ™ich Smetana. The need to supplement his income by teaching left Dvořák with limited free time, and in 1871 he gave up the orchestra in order to compose. The Carnival Overture, Op. 92 (1891), was the second of a group of three works. They were collectively titled "Nature, Life, and Love." A brief central Andantino con moto episode of sedate, almost nocturnal character is distinguished by more expansive melodies and the use of the English horn, which was one of Dvořák's favorite instruments. It was used in an unusual role: sounding an ostinato accompaniment rather than the melody proper. The overture ends in a spirit similar to that in which it begins, aptly embodying the festal atmosphere suggested by its title.


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